Chandrayaan is a term used to refer to India’s Moon exploration missions. The word “Chandrayaan” translates to “moon vehicle” in Hindi. It is derived from the Sanskrit words “Chandra” meaning “moon” and “yana” meaning “vehicle” or “journey.”
According to PTI’s Wednesday report, authorities have set the launch of Chandrayaan-3 on July 13 at 2:30 pm.
In order to show full capability in safe landing and wandering on the moon’s surface, this mission is a follow-up to Chandrayaan-2. The setup consists of a landing and a Rover.
According to the authorities, Chandrayaan-3 will launch on July 13 at 2:30 pm using the Launch Module Mark-III from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
Up to a 100 km orbit around the moon, the propulsion module will support the lander and rover combination. A Spectro-Polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth payload on board allows researchers to examine Earth’s spectral and polarimetric measurements from an orbit around the moon.
India has undertaken multiple Chandrayaan missions to explore the moon. Chandrayaan-1, launched on October 22, 2008, was India’s first lunar mission. It successfully placed an orbiter in orbit around the moon and conducted various scientific experiments to study the lunar surface.
Chandrayaan-2 was India’s second lunar exploration mission launched on July 22, 2019. It consisted of an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan. The mission’s objective was to understand the lunar surface further, study the moon’s geology, and search for water ice in the south-polar region.
After successful orbiter operations, the lander attempted a soft landing on the lunar surface on September 7, 2019. However, during the final descent, communication with the lander was lost, and it crash-landed on the moon’s surface. Despite the lander’s unfortunate outcome, the orbiter continued to function and collect valuable data about the moon.
Chandrayaan-2 was a significant milestone for India’s space exploration program, showcasing the country’s capabilities in lunar missions and contributing to our understanding of the moon’s composition and evolution.