Cloud security refers to the set of policies, technologies, and controls used to protect data, applications, and infrastructure hosted in cloud environments. 

Data Protection: Encryption plays a crucial role in securing data both at rest (stored data) and in transit (data being transmitted between devices 

Identity and Access Management (IAM): IAM controls ensure that only authorized individuals or systems have access to resources in the cloud.  

 

Compliance and Governance: Cloud security must comply with industry regulations and organizational policies. Cloud providers often offer compliance certifications   

Network Security: Implementing measures to protect cloud networks from unauthorized access, malware, and other threats.  

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Application Security: Ensuring that applications hosted in the cloud are secure by implementing secure coding practices, vulnerability assessments, and regular security testing.

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Security Awareness and Training: Educating users and IT staff about cloud security best practices, potential threats, and how to mitigate risks.